Lemon Tetra (Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis)
Lemon tetra is a very beautiful fresh-water fish. They belong to the characin family ( Characidae ). The lemon tetra is a brightly-colored fish that features several yellow stripes. Lemon tetras grow to about 3 inches (80mm) long, though some can reach up to 4 inches (100mm). The Lemon Tetra name comes from the intense yellow/gold coloration of this mostly transparent fish: like other members of its genus, it has a dark spot on its dorsal which appears to have been painted with a squirt of lemon juice. Lemon tetras have a calm temperament and they will not harm other fish in the tank, but some specimens may bully smaller tankmates on occasion so caution should be exercised when choosing their companions. Lemon tetras are part of a group known as “false” or “fancy” tetras which also includes such varieties as the black skirt tetra and glassfish. Lemon tetras get on just fine with most bottom-dwelling scavengers, catfish, and corydoras catfish even though Lemon tetra themselves will bully bottom-dwellers more often than not. Lemon tetras are found in South American freshwaters such as rivers, streams, flooded forests, and swamps.
Lemon Tetra is scientifically known as (Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis). Lemon tetra is a schooling fish they do not fare so well when kept alone, so it is best to purchase a group of at least six of them or keep a pair along with some friendly fish that can tolerate being bullied by Lemon tetras from time to time. Lemon tetras like to school with other fish, especially those that they can form a symbiotic relationship with such as otocinclus catfish or shrimp; the Lemon tetra is happy to protect its tankmates from harm and they in turn clean parasites and food particles off of Lemon tetras. Lemon tetras will sometimes nip at their tank mates’ long fins; however, this problem can be avoided by not adding any fish that have long fins. Lemon tetras are an ideal tankmate for the more placid species of goldfish, such as Yokohama and Shubunkin. Lemon tetras are also good tankmates with peaceful livebearers such as guppies and mollies, but they may choose to breed with them so a barrier is advisable if breeding either fish in the same tank. Lemon tetras are also relatively calm and easygoing fish, making them easier for aquarists without much experience to take care of. Lemon tetra prefers an environment that is dimly lit and heavily planted: Lemon tetra will hide behind plants during the day and swim out at night to feed on aquatic insects such as mosquito larvae and tubifex worms.
Lemon Tetra Care
Lemon Tetra is easy to care for fish. The water should be changed once every week, but only 10% of the aquarium’s volume should be replaced with fresh water at a time. Stable pH and KH are important because they will prevent sudden changes in the water’s chemistry, which can stress your fish. Healthy lemon tetras are very active swimmers, so they require sufficient space within the aquarium. The tank of lemon tetra needs to be saved away from direct daylight for lengthy durations of time. This can cause the water temperature to increase and affect the health of your fish. A stable temperature is also important.
Lemon tetras are sometimes prone to ich, caused by the protozoan Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, but this is rare in well-maintained tanks so most Lemon tetras do not need to be treated for parasites or disease unless you keep other fish that carry disease and Lemon tetra will become infected if they come into contact with such fish.
Lemon Tetra Diet
Lemon tetra is omnivores, meaning that their diet should include both meaty foods and greens. They enjoy live foods such as brine shrimp or freeze-dried tubifex worms just as much as flake food, though flakes are certainly good enough if that’s all you can get. Lemon tetra needs several small meals each day to stay healthy; remember that you must feed them several small meals each day as Lemon tetras will not eat if their tankmates are nearby and watching the food – they may stop eating altogether, which is a sign of stress.
Lemon Tetra Tank size
Lemon tetras require at least a 20-gallon tank with plants (such as amazon swords ), barrels, and driftwood for hiding spots and places to rest during the night. Lemon tetras require a tight-fitting lid for their tank because they are excellent jumpers!
Lemon Tetra Breeding
Lemon tetras have been bred frequently by aquarists over the last few decades and their captive population has enough genetic diversity that it does not need to be supplemented from the wild. Lemon tetras breed best with plenty of covers such as java moss or dense vegetation so females have a place to lay their eggs; Lemon tetras are non-annual and do not spawn every year. Lemon tetras breed readily in tanks with a pH of 5, but they can also live in more acidic conditions provided the PH is stable; Lemon tetra eggs will break down if the water becomes too acidic, so you should make sure that there is always some buffering agent such as driftwood or peat moss in the breeding tank.
Lemon Tetra Lifespan
The average lifespan of Lemon tetra is about 5 to 6 years in captivity if properly cared for.
Lemon tetras thrive in a water temperature range from 72 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (22-26 degrees Celsius), though they can survive outside of this range for extended periods as long as sufficient food is available.
The pH Level of Lemon tetra is should range from 6.0 to 6.5; however, a pH of 6.5 to 7.0 is considered acceptable as well. The tank’s water should have a decent amount of hardness, and a KH between 2 and 12 degrees is preferred.