Oscar Cichlid (Astronotus Ocellatus)
The Oscar cichlid is a large, showy cichlid often kept in freshwater aquariums. The Oscar is a large, voracious cichlid that belongs to the subfamily Cichlasomatinae of the family Cichlidae. The Oscar fish can grow to a massive size and will happily devour any other fish that enters his pond. Oscar cichlids grow up to around 30 cm or 12 to 14 inches in size. Oscar cichlids are very fast-growing fish that can reach their full size in 12 to 14 months. They are recognized for his or her brilliant shades and exciting personalities. Oscar Fish gets their common name from the striking appearance of the dark-colored eyespot on Oscar’s body. Oscar fish can thrive in a freshwater aquarium of any size, so long as the Oscar Cichlid tank mates are similar in size and disposition. Oscar fish are able to breathe air from the surface via a specialized respiratory organ called the labyrinth organ, which is used for aerial respiration. Oscar cichlids are very active fish and need plenty of room to swim. They prefer an aquarium with plenty of plants and caves to hide in. Oscar cichlids are not the best fish for beginners and require a fair amount of care to keep your Oscar happy and healthy. Oscar cichlids are found in Amazon River Basin and are native to the South-America region such as Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador.
Oscar cichlid scientific name is (Astronotus ocellatus). Oscar is the most popular among cichlid enthusiasts. Oscar cichlid normally lives around waterfalls or deep pools near rocks where the current isn’t too swift. This makes them easy to keep in an aquarium because you can provide a similar environment. The Oscar usually inhabits areas with dense vegetation and sunken driftwood, where it can take cover when necessary. Oscar cichlids also are recognized for his or her competitive behavior. Speaking of aggression, Oscar has also shown to be quite territorial. Some Oscar’s can be peaceful while others can become quite aggressive during spawning season. When two Oscar cichlids fight it out for the right to mate, the opponents will show bright colors and attempt to push each other away from food sources or potential mates with their mouths open wide (fish fighting stance). The fighting Oscar’s will also stretch their bodies out with their mouths open while following each other back and forth until one Oscar retreats. If you are looking for an interesting and active fish to add to your aquarium, the Oscar cichlid is a great choice. They are beautiful fish and are sure to keep you entertained.
Oscar Cichlid Care
When it comes to Oscar cichlid care, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. One of the most important things is to provide them with plenty of places to hide. Oscar cichlids like to have hiding spots where they can feel safe and secure. You can provide them with, rocks, or pieces of driftwood. 2 important things is that In order to keep Oscar cichlids healthy, it is important to perform weekly water changes up to 20% to 25% and do a test the water parameters regularly. 3 important thing is that In Oscar cichlid usually found white spot disease which causes rapid changes in temperature so it is better to maintain water temperature around 72° to 82° degrees Fahrenheit.
Oscar Cichlid Diet
Oscar cichlids are omnivorous and will eat both plant and meaty materials. Oscar cichlids are scavenger fish and will eat just about anything, so it is important to feed them a balanced diet. So feed them High-quality flakes, Pellets, and also give them live and frozen food such as Blood worms, Brine shrimps, daphnia and freeze-dried. An ideal feeding for oscar cichlids is 2 to 3 times per day for their good health.
Oscar Cichlid Tank Size
The minimum tank size for oscar cichlid is at least about 3 to 4 feet and 60 to 70 gallons with plenty of hiding places such as driftwood, Boogwood, and rocks. Oscar must be provided with plenty of room to accommodate their size, or they will become territorial. If your Oscar cichlid aquarium has lots of decors, just make sure that all items can support the weight of an adult Oscar cichlid.
Oscar Cichlid Tank Mates
Oscar cichlid lives with their similar-sized fishes such as Frontosa cichlid, Green Terror cichlid, Parrot cichlid, Tinfoil barb, Firemouth cichlid, Silver dollar, Arawana, Pacu fish, Peacock bass and Severum
Oscar Cichlid Lifespan
The average lifespan of oscar cichlid is about 10 to 15 years or more if they are kept in a good environment.
The water temperature for Oscar cichlids should be maintained between 72° and 82° degrees Fahrenheit or 24° to 27° degree Celcius.
Oscar cichlids prefer the PH level of water between (6.0-7.5) ph.