Powder Blue Tang (Paracanthurus leucosternon) : Care, Diet, Tank Size, Breeding, Tank Mates, Disease, Lifespan & Other Guide
The Powder blue tang is a very beautiful Salt-water fish and is also commonly referred to as Powder Blue Surgeonfish. Powder Blue tangs belong to the family of Acanthuridae which includes over 412 known different species and the subfamily Nasinae. Powder blue tangs have an intense blue body with bright yellow fins on top of the body and white caudal, dorsal, and anal fins. Powder blue tangs have a black spot on the front of their head that resembles an upside-down teardrop shape. Powder blues also have two large scales above their pectoral fin. Specifically, Powder blue tangs live at depths from 2.5 m to 30 m, on or near coral reefs. They vacation on inshore waters where there is a large amount of vegetation growth and a diverse array of marine life including other Powder blue tangs as well as other types of fish, eels, octopuses, squid, and crustaceans.
Powder blue tangs are said by many to be a good addition to reef aquariums because they appear to hand right outside of their natural habitat while swimming around your coral reef setup. Powder blue tangs are often found near reefs around rocks or aquatic structures in warm waters often within the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The powder blue tang is an excellent beginner fish due to its hardy temperament, longevity, and ease of care.
Powder Blue Tang’s scientific name is (Paracanthurus leucosternon). Powder Blue Tangs have been known to be only moderately territorial toward one another with lines of demarcation set between each of their territories within an area which is usually an entire coral reef. In the wild, Powder blue tangs prefer to spend their time hiding among coral heads and crevices in rocks. Powder blues will often bury themselves into the substrate at night time though they do like to come out and search the tank for food.
Powder Blue Tang Size
Powder Blues can grow up to 12 inches (30 cm) long but average about 8-9 inches (20-23 cm) size in home aquariums due to overfeeding by owners or competition for food from other fish in the tank.
Powder Blue Tang Care
Powder Blue Tangs are a beautiful and hardy saltwater fish that is a favorite of many aquarium owners. These beautiful fish are best suited for advanced aquarists who have plenty of knowledge about the care and maintenance of saltwater tanks.
They are highly susceptible to poor water quality. To keep the water quality good in such a large open space, frequent weekly water changes of about 25% of the total volume of water are necessary and keep a water hardness between 8° to 12° dgh and a salinity between 1 – 30 ppt for optimal health, though they can tolerate both more acidic or salty water before showing stress signs.
They’re generally peaceful and don’t come with any special requirements for their tank water. However, if you want to keep them happy you’ll need to keep the water clean and make sure the temperature stays around 78-80 degrees Fahrenheit. Feed your tang nutritious food to help it grow, but avoid giving it too many snacks or it will put on excess fat. Powder blue tangs need an experienced aquarist who understands their dietary requirements and behavior traits to keep them successfully because, like many surgeonfishes, these guys are very sensitive to poor water quality.
Powder Blues Tangs prefer waters temperature around 72° to 78° degree Ferhainet or 22° to 24° degree Celcius.
Powder Blue Tangs prefer ph level of water between 8.0 to 8.4 ph.
Powder Blue Tang Common Disease
Powder Blue Tang fish are susceptible to the same diseases as other marine tropical fish especially marine ich, which is highly contagious and lethal to most saltwater inhabitants and the most common being Marine White Spot Disease (MWSD). This disease is caused by a parasitic protozoan and results in small white spots appearing on the fish. If left untreated, MWSD can be fatal.
Powder blue tangs are also susceptible to a condition called Head and Lateral Line Erosion Syndrome (HLLE), which results in erosion of the fish’s head and lateral line. HLLE is thought to be caused by a combination of environmental and nutritional factors, and is typically not fatal. Treatment for both MWSD and HLLE generally includes the use of aquarium medications.
Powder blue tangs are also susceptible to a viral disease called Lymphocystis, which results in the formation of white cysts on the fish’s body. Lymphocystis is not usually fatal, but can be very disfiguring. There is no known cure for this disease, but it is generally not fatal.
Powder blue tangs are also susceptible to parasites, such as flukes and worms. While these parasites are not usually fatal, they can cause significant discomfort and stress to the fish. Treatment for parasites generally includes the use of aquarium medications. Powder blue tangs are relatively hardy fish, but like all marine fish, they are susceptible to a number of diseases. It is important to learn about these diseases so that you can take steps to prevent them from occurring in your aquarium.
Powder Blues also store toxins from the food they eat so if you see your Powder Blue Tang Fish getting whiter spots on its scales you should immediately do a 10% water change and run activated carbon in your filter for 48 hours.
Powder Blue Tang Diet
Powder Blue Tangs are omnivores dietary when they are young, but when older they do still eat some meaty foods when they can get them. Powder Blues have a very specific diet of live algae in the wild so are often kept with other fish that cannot eat or harm their main food source.
Powder blue tangs primarily feed on live algae but do consume small invertebrates like sea urchins as well as fish larvae to acquire the nutrients they need to survive. Powder Blue Tangs have also been known to eat zooplankton that swims near their habitat. Powder blue tangs feeding habits change seasonally which is determined by the prevalence of different food sources available in their environment at said time.
Powder blue tangs feed during the day but will eat a larger amount at dusk when there is a noticeable decrease in their surrounding environment’s light intensity. Powder Blue Tangs have been observed to feed more aggressively as they age with older Powder blue tangs being faster swimmers that can chase down prey more easily than younger Powder blue tangs.
Powder Blue Tang Breeding
Powder Blue Tangs are one of the most popular fish in the aquarium trade. They are beautiful, peaceful fish that add a splash of color to any reef tank. Powder Blue Tangs are easy to care for and make a great addition to any aquarium.
Powder Blue Tangs are protogynous hermaphrodites. This means that they are born female and have the ability to change sex to male as they mature. The sex change usually occurs when the Powder Blue Tang is about 4 inches long. In a captive environment, it is almost impossible to determine the sex of a Powder Blue Tang before it undergoes its sex change. This makes it very difficult to breed Powder Blue Tangs in captivity.
Powder blue tangs are not easy to breed in captivity. In the wild, powder blue tangs release their eggs and sperm into the open water, where the eggs are fertilized. The larvae that hatch from the eggs are planktonic, meaning they are too small and unprotected to swim against the currents. The larvae eventually settle onto the reef, where they grow into juvenile fish.
In captivity, it is difficult to replicate the open water spawning environment. Powder blue tangs also have a high rate of egg mortality. As a result, powder blue tang breeding is rarely successful in home aquariums. Powder blue tangs that are bred in captivity are typically produced by commercial operations.
The best way to breed Powder Blue Tangs in captivity is to purchase a group of juveniles and allow them to grow up together. Eventually, one or more of the Powder Blue Tangs will undergo a sex change and become male. Once this happens, the male will start to chase the females and attempt to mate with them. If you are lucky, the female Powder Blue Tangs will spawn and you will have baby Powder Blue Tangs!
There are a few things you can do to increase your chances of success when breeding Powder Blue Tangs. First, make sure that your aquarium is large enough to accommodate a group of growing Powder Blue Tangs. Juvenile Powder Blue Tangs only need a few gallons of aquarium space, but adults can reach up to 18 inches in length and will need at least a 125 gallon aquarium. Secondly, provide plenty of live rock for the Powder Blue Tangs to hide in and graze on. Live rock is also an excellent place for the Powder Blue Tangs to lay their eggs. Finally, make sure that your water quality is excellent and stable. Powder Blue Tangs are very sensitive to changes in water parameters and this can cause them stress which can lead to spawning failures.
If you follow these tips, you should have success breeding Powder Blue Tangs in your home aquarium! Good luck!
Powder Blue Tang Tank size
Powder Blue Tangs do best when they are housed in an aquarium that is large enough to accommodate its size. The minimum tank size for powder blue tangs is should be at least 70 to 80 gallons and 3 feet in size. They should be housed in an aquarium with plenty of hiding places, live plants, and driftwood. Powder Blues prefer aquariums tank with live rock instead of just sand as they feel more secure in those types of habitats, especially when they are young. It’s also important to ensure there are numerous places for the Powder blue tang to hide. Powder Blue Tangs are active swimmers and should have needed plenty of open space to swim as well as lots of room for hiding places such as rock caves or coral. They do not swim directly into the current but will follow the flow of water as they swim from structure to structure.
Powder Blue Tang Tank Mates
Powder blue tangs are a popular choice for saltwater aquariums. They are beautiful, active fish that add color and life to any tank. While they are relatively easy to care for, there are a few things to consider before adding one to your home aquarium.
One of the most important things to consider when keeping a powder blue tang is its tank mates. Powder blue tangs can be aggressive towards other fish, so it’s important to choose tank mates that will not be bullied or harassed.
Good choices for powder blue tang tank mates include other peaceful fish such as angels, clownfish, and gobies. It’s also important to provide plenty of hiding places and swim space for your fish, as this will help reduce stress and aggression levels.
When choosing powder blue tang tank mates, it’s also important to consider the size of your fish. Powder blue tangs can grow quite large, so it’s important to choose fish that will not be outgrown by the tang. Otherwise, the tang may become aggressive towards its smaller tank mates.
With a little planning and research, you can create a beautiful and peaceful saltwater aquarium that includes a powder blue tang and its perfect tank mates.
Powder Blue Tang Behavior
Powder blue tangs are a type of marine fish that are popular in the aquarium trade. They are known for their beautiful blue coloration and their lively personality. Powder blue tangs are active swimmers and like to explore their surroundings. They are also social creatures and enjoy interacting with other fish.
Powder blue tangs are not aggressive, but they can be territorial. They may fight with other fish if they feel threatened or if they want to establish dominance. Powder blue tangs should be kept with other peaceful fish that are not too small, as they may nip at them.
Powder blue tangs need plenty of space to swim and explore. They should be provided with plenty of hiding places and caves to retreat to. Powder blue tangs are sensitive to water quality and need a well-maintained aquarium with regular water changes.
Powder Blue Tang Lifespan
The Powder blue tangs can live up to 20 years in the wild, and in captivity they have been known to live up to 8 to 10 years!. That’s longer than many other common fish species, That’s pretty impressive, considering they are considered a tropical fish. This fish is a great choice for someone who wants alightly- quarrelsome fish that will occupy a significant amount of space in their aquarium. This species is generally a hardy fish, but there are a few things that can actually kill them. For example, if you have a young powder blue tang and you add too much ammonia or salt to their environment, that could also be fatal. So if you’re thinking of getting a saltwater fish, make sure it’s a powder blue tang!